- Instructions to consult key stakeholders
The purpose of this step is to present nutrition situation analysis, underlying problems, reasons and possible solutions from the communityâ€™s viewpoint to key stakeholders for validation, awareness building and further discussion. For the facilitation team it is an opportunity to gain further insights into the policy and programme context influencing possible solutions to under-nutrition from a gender and agricultural perspective.
Time required: approx. 3 hours.
1. Share the â€˜under-nutrition treeâ€™ created in Step 6, with key stakeholders in an interactive mode; facilitate discussion leading to selecting the top 5 issues that are considered important by community members â€“ their selection might be based on their perceptions of urgency and/or the resources available to support addressing those issues.
2. Facilitate discussion on potential solutions/interventions to address identified issues. Use the following logic (see diagram below) to arrive at decisions about what is possible and what is not possible. This process will also give the community an opportunity to ascertain if the necessary resources are available or if resources have to be mobilized from external organisations.
Issue Problem formulated by the community (ref. under-nutrition tree) Causes Causes of the issues are the main reasons that the issue exists in the community Solution Is the result that needs to be achieved to address the issue Intervention Is the action in the community that is implemented to achieve the solution Resources Resources that are needed to successfully implement the intervention
Below is an example of a completed outline. The next step builds on this example.
3. For each issue identified, ask the following questions:
- What are the causes of this issue according to the community?
- Potential solutions that address (the causes of) the issue according to the community?
- What are the causes of this issue according to the stakeholders?
- Potential solutions that address (the causes of) the issue according to the stakeholders?
Issue: No access to nutritious food Causes according to the community Causes according to the stakeholders Low availability in dry seasonnHigh prices Low availability in dry seasonnHigh pricesnBuying nutritious food is not a priority in households Potential solutions according to the community Potential solutions according to the stakeholders Bulk purchase from bigger markets near bynDry and preserve vegetables during season Introduction of nutritious foods (vegetables/ fruits) that are able to grow better in dry seasonn
4. Once the possible interventions are shortlisted per issue, get the stakeholders to:
- Describe the intervention. How will this intervention address that particular cause?
- Share lessons learnt from similar interventions carried out previously in similar contexts.
- State envisaged outcomes of the intervention.
- Estimate resources required to implement the intervention successfully â€“ other than resources already available in the community.
- List organisations that could be involved in supporting the intervention implementation. What value will they add to the intervention and outcomes?