- Instructions to analyse data before bringing it back to the community
The purpose of this instruction is to organise the preliminary observations and findings with respect to the favourable and not-so-favourable factors affecting the communityâ€™s nutrition situation.
Time required: approx. 5 hours
1. Examine the data/information collected in Steps 1 to 4 in order to answer the following key questions.
Farm input supply and advisory services (include labour as an input)
- What inputs and services are available and used to increase productivity of what crops?
- Are input supplies/advisory services promoting diversification of production and/or home production of nutritious foods?
- Who supplies these inputs and services and how?
- What are the main constraints in accessing inputs and services, and how does that differ for men and women?
Production of nutritious foods
- What are the main crops produced and how does that change throughout the season?
- How are tasks divided for men and women in the production and sales of these different crops?
- Why these crops? What are the main considerations that lead to the production of these crops (i.e. because they make money, because inputs are subsidized, because they are nutritious)? Who makes these decisions and how?
- What do people sell and what do people eat at home or both?
- What are the main challenges – constraints and opportunities – in producing food crops and vegetables that can also be eaten at home? And how does that differ potentially for men and women?
- What proportion of what yields is being sold and is kept for consumption? Who sells and who decides what to do with the benefits?
- What are the opportunities for overcoming selling produce that otherwise is needed for consumption? And who has decision-making power to do so?
- What are the main markets (local, regional, national, export) for commercial sale of produce?
- What are the challenges and opportunities for each of these markets?
- Who has access to these markets?
- How are agricultural initiatives linked to gender or nutrition or WASH initiatives?
Overview of nutritional issues in the community
- What are the main nutritional problems (perceived by the community and based on secondary data) in the area?
- Who are mainly affected (men, women, what socio-economic status, religious groups etc.)?
- What are the causes of these nutritional problems?
Demand and utilization of food
- What do people generally eat in what season (gender disaggregate)?
- What do people consider nutritious food (gender disaggregate )?
- What would they like to be eating and what do they actually eat (gender disaggregate)?
Caring and feeding practices in the household
- What are the existing feeding and caregiving practices followed in the community, particularly for infants and young children (0-24 months)?
- How are roles and responsibilities divides in relation to feeding (including preparation of food) and caring practices in the household?
Allocation of food and income within the household
- Who makes decisions where income in the family (both from men and women) is used for?
- Who makes decisions on who eats what and when? And how is that related to the decisions made related to what people produce?
- How are nutrition initiatives linked to or agriculture, gender and WASH initiatives?
WASH â€“ Water, Hygiene and Sanitation
Hygiene and sanitation situation
What are the general sanitation conditions in this community in relation to:
- Number of latrines, open defecation, access to latrines, information about sanitation practices?
- What are the general hand washing practices in this community (gender disaggregate)?
- How aware are people are of good hygiene practices? What are the main constraints (gender disaggregate)?
- How are current WASH practices linked to the nutrition situation?
Main questions for the community consultation to look at the four sectors in an integrated manner
- How does increased production of nutritious food lead to availability and access to nutritious food for all at the household level? Why?
- How does increased income from agriculture lead to increased availability and access to nutritious food for all at the household level? Why?
- How can increased availability and access also lead to increased actual utilization/consumption of nutritious food?
- How are decisions about what people produce and what they sell and eat themselves linked to decisions about demand and consumption of food in the household?
- How are production and consumption decisions related to markets? (In terms of what markets are available, how markets operate, prices etc.)
Overall questions in all four sectors
- What could be possible solutions to overcome the nutritional problems in the community via agriculture?
- Where do people get information about health, nutrition and agriculture?
2. Recording the information
Compile the findings in the following table:
Favourable aspectsn(things to build on) Not-so-favourable aspectsn(things that need to be improved/changed) Agriculture Farm input supply and advisory services 1.n2. 1.n2. Production of nutritious foods 1.n2. 1.n2. Marketable surplus 1.n2. 1.n2. Nutrition Overview of nutritional issues in the community 1.n2. 1.n2. Demand and utilization of food 1.n2. 1.n2. Caring and feeding practices in the household 1.n2. 1.n2. Allocation of food and income within the household 1.n2. 1.n2. Water and sanitation Hygiene and sanitation situation 1.n2. 1.n2.