Step 4 – Key informant interviews and focus group discussions

Why this Step?

The interviews and group discussions are to obtain more information about the issues that affect under-nutrition, specifically in the fields of agriculture, nutrition, gender and WASH. Basic data about numbers of households, landholdings, livestock, cropping patterns, food items consumed per season and water sources are known to almost everybody within the village. However, there are people with deeper and more detailed knowledge about some topics. Also it is important to have insights from all possible groups within a village.

Key informant interviews

Key informants are typically individuals who are willing to talk and have a great depth of knowledge about a specific field. They can be identified on the basis of information gathered during the mapping exercises, particularly the social mapping and transect walk. Examples of key informants include: village chief, school teachers, heads of different village level organisations and/or ethnic groups, service providers (such as shop keepers, traditional healers, midwives), and progressive farmers/heads of producer organisations.

Focus group discussions

The main objective of conducting FGDs is to gain more understanding of intra-household decision-making processes – who, how, why – in relation to agriculture, nutrition, gender, and WASH.

Suggested categories include primary caregivers and adolescents in the household:
a. young mothers; b. fathers; c. grandmothers; d. adolescent girls (10-14 years); e. adolescent boys (10-14 years). Ideally there should be not more than 7-8 participants per group.